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Publish or Capture VDO.Ninja streams with Python (Raspberry Pi, Jetson, Linux compatible)

A version for the Nvidia Jetson

This is very much like the RPI version, but uses the Nvidia Jetson (Nano/NX/AGX). The Nvidia Jetson tends to have more power and likely will give better results; it is more expensive though. 1080p30 should be quite easy for an Nvidia Jetson to handle, which can’t be said for a Raspberry Pi.

Installing from an official Nvidia Image

While you can probably install Raspberry_ninja onto any Linux flavour, Nvidia’s Jetpack Ubuntu version contains the drivers needed to make use of the hardware encoder. I provide some pre-built images, that are setup with all the depedencies needed to run Raspberry_Ninja, but you can use the official image and DIY also.

See the for the most recent installer used by me to make the current distributable image baed on an official Nvidia image. You’ll want to run section at a time, to ensure things run smoothly, restarting or manually editing files as needed.

You are more than likely going to need to make changes to the installer though, as it tries to build the newest version of Gstreamer, and that often implies other script changes are needed.

Takes a few hours at least to normally get everything working when building the files from scratch. Some steps can be skipped to speed things up, like SRT / FFMPEG support, so do what you wish.

Instalilng on Jetson without original Nvidia image?

If you aren’t using the Nvidia Jetson image, or you’ve messed things up, you can download the gst-files provided by Nvidia on that image here,, as a zip:

Assuming you bypass any related errors in the install script, you’ll need to extract and copy those files to this folder, once the install script finishes: /usr/local/lib/aarch64-linux-gnu/gstreamer-1.0$

You can also try copying those files to the following folder, before running the script, and hope the script detects them correctly without errors: /usr/lib/aarch64-linux-gnu/gstreamer-1.0/

I’ve seen an interesting git repo with details on building a Jetson image yourself here,, although I haven’t tried it yet. You’re on your own if you go this path tho.

Steve provided completed builds

The newest pre-setup images for Jetson devices requires 16-GB uSD card or larger, along with a Jetson running the newest board firmware.

You can use Win32DiskImager ( to write this image to a disk. If you need to format your SD card first, you can use the SD Card Formatter (

If you have problems with Win32DiskImager, Bletcher might be an option?

Install Steve’s newest Jetson Nano image below; last updated April 21st, 2023.

The above image was built on a Jetson Nano 2GB developer kit, model A02, with up-to-date firmware. It may work with the Jetson Nano 4GB model also, assuming firmware is up to date.

The username and password to sign in to the image is:

username: ninja
password: vdo

If the Jetson fails to boot after installing it, try an older image, provided below, or considering updating the firmware on your Jetson to something newer. If nothing else works, you can build Raspberry_ninja from scratch using the file, located in the nvidia_jetson folder.

If the installation doesn’t auto-expand to fill your uSD card on boot, you can run the following commands to have it use the available disk space:

sudo apt-get install cloud-utils -y
sudo growpart /dev/mmcblk0 1
sudo resize2fs /dev/mmcblk0p1

Using GParted GUI can also be used to specify partition sizes.

note: Steve is available on Discord at if support with the image is needed

Older image compatible with Jetson A02 with old (original) firmware

The follow Jetson Nano-2GB image, build with Gstreamer 1.19.2, is out of date, but might work on older Jetson boards if problems occur with the newer ones. Requires a large 32-GB SD card or a 64-GB card.

The username and password to sign in to the image is:

username: ninja
password: vdo

If these images don’t work for your nano, you can update your firmware using another system running Ubuntu 18 /w Jetpack 4 installed I think.

Older image compatible built on a Jetson Xavier NX with old firmware

This is another old image, built on the Xavier NX. Try a newer image before giving this a go.

The username and password to sign in to the image is:

username: ninja
password: vdo

Once you have logged in

Once you have logged in, at the terminal you can download the repo by running:

git clone

Nvidia provided builds

The official Nvidia Jetson builds are running Ubuntu 18, with Gstreamer 1.14. This version is too old to run VDO.Ninja correctly, so it’s recommend that at least Gstreamer 1.16 is used. You can use the provided script to upgrade the official Nvidia images with a newer Gstreamer version. The script expects a FRESH image install and it may need some dependencies tweaks over time.

The link to the official Nvidia images are here:

After the Jetson is running, you have connect to the Jetson and pull the raspberry_ninja code and finalize the setup.

git clone
cd raspberry_ninja
cd nvidia_jetson
chmod +x
sudo ./

You may need to babysit the installation, and it could take a couple hours if things go smoothly.

Auto-start service on boot

You can refer to Raspberry Pi service script below for a sample start-up script for the Jetson

The setup and installation instructions for the start-up script are similar, which can be found here:

The follow bits of the service script may need to be modified or removed if you face issues:

ExecStartPre=vcgencmd get_camera

Details on Nvidia’s Gstreamer implementation

Details on the Nvidia encoder and pipeline options:




Just doens’t work

If you have an error or things just don’t work, saying “START PIPE” but nothing happens, make sure the correct device is specified

video0 or video1 or whatever should align with the location of your video device.
PIPELINE_DESC = "v4l2src device=/dev/video1 io-mode=2 ! image/jpeg,framerate ...

Using $ gst-device-monitor-1.0 can help you list available devices and their location


other problems

Make sure the camera/media device supports MJPEG output, else see the script file for examples of other options. Things may not work if your device needs be changed up, but MJPEG is pretty common.

nvjpegdec not found

Make sure you’ve correctly installed the install script or that you have moved the nvidia-provided gstreamer plugins into the correct folder. The Nvidia version of Raspberry Ninja is currently for the Jetson; not desktops.

Updating firmware on Jetson Nano

The Jetson Nanos 4GB 2GB version dev kits may need their firmware updated for newer images to work with them. They are also not getting support much from Nvidia anymore, with Jetpack 4 being the last supported Nvidia software update I think

Updating requires a system (or VM) running Ubuntu 18, with Nvidia Jetpack 4 installed. The process of flashing may take a couple hours, but its worth it.

2GB and 4GB images seem to be mostly compatible once firmware has been updated.